Orthopedic Treatment For Spinal Cord Injuries

by Administrator 19. January 2015 09:12

The spinal cord is composed of a bundle of nerves and vertebrae that runs through the back. It acts as a medium to carry signals to and from the brain to other parts of the body. Any injury to the spinal cord results in disruption of these signals and causes perpetual changes in sensory, strength and other body functioning.

Spinal Cord Injuries can be classified as:

  • Complete Injury: In this, the spinal cord becomes completely unable to transmit sensory and motor signals below the site of injury.
  • Incomplete Injury: In this, the individual may have some sensory or motor functioning below the affected area.

Causes

  • Motor vehicle crashes: Most of the spinal cord injuries are due to trauma experienced due to a motor vehicle accident, particularly to the head, face, neck, chest or back area.
  • Violent attacks: Spinal cord can also be injured while being involved in violent encounters like knife and gunshot wounds.
  • Falls: After the age of 60, most spinal cord injuries are caused due to a fall.
  • Sports activities: Athletic activities, such as playing contact sports or diving can also cause injuries to the spine.
  • Orthopedic conditions: Vertebral fractures, Spondylosis, Arthritis, Osteoporosis and other such conditions are also a major cause of injuries.

Symptoms

  • Loss of sensation, unable to feel touch, cold and heat
  • Loss of bladder and bowel control
  • Loss of movement
  • Difficulty in walking
  • Inability to move legs or arms
  • Tingling or numbness sensation
  • Headache
  • Unconsciousness
  • Stiffness and pain in neck
  • Exaggerated reflex actions
  • Difficulty in coughing, sneezing and breathing
  • Abnormal head position

Treatment

  • Medications: The spine surgeon may prescribe certain anti-inflammatory medications to reduce the pain and tenderness near the site of injury. Although the patient might find temporary relief, medications are usually not the ultimate cure for the condition.
  • Immobilization: Traction might be required to provide stability to the spine or to bring it back to normal alignment. In case of a cervical spine injury, wearing a neck collar may also be effective.
  • Surgery: Surgical treatment is often recommended in order to remove remains of herniate discs, foreign objects, fractured bones or vertebrae that put pressure in the spinal cord. It may also help to stabilize the spine to avoid the recurrence of deformity and pain.

For treatment of spinal cord injuries consult Dr. Burg, a renowned spine surgeon in Plano, TX.  To schedule an appointment, you can call at (972) 985 – 1072.

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