Orthopedic Treatment For Upper Back Pain

by Administrator 20. October 2014 11:45

Upper back pain is a common health issue and results due to injury to the ligaments or muscles that are attached to vertebrae. Though upper back pain is not as common as lower back pain; however, being a common sports injury, it requires immediate medical attention.

Causes

Some of the common causes of upper back pain include

  • Twisting movement
  • Poor posture
  • An injury to disc, muscles due to fall or a motor accident
  • Fracture of any vertebrae
  • Overuse of muscles
  • Muscle sprain
  • Bending
  • Carrying heavy objects
  • Throwing
  • Vigorous coughing and sneezing
  • Scoliosis and herniated disc
  • Osteoarthritis

Symptoms

  • Severe pain
  • Muscle stiffness or tightness
  • Burning sensation
  • Arms and leg weakness
  • Loss of bladder and bowel control
  • Numbness
  • Pain on taking deep breath

Diagnosis

The orthopedic physician examines the patient and enquires about the past health and medical history. The physician may need to know about the work and physical activities the patient in involved in to determine the cause of upper back pain. The physicians often recommend imaging tests such as x-ray, MRI, CT scan to find if the pain is due to any fracture, herniated disc or any other issue.

Treatment

To treat the patient, the spine surgeon often prescribes anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce swelling and offer relief to the patient. Other non-surgical methods that are used to treat upper back pain include heat or ice therapy and exercises. Heat therapy helps in reducing pain and stiffness and ice helps in decreasing swelling. The patient might be asked to take complete rest and reduce the routine activity. Some stretching and muscle strengthening exercises also help in reducing the chances of injury, improving the posture and reducing pain. It is, however, important that the patient should perform exercises only as instructed by a trainer and if recommended by the physician.

In certain situations, the orthopedic physician may also recommend the patient to reduce weight as it is also a reason of pain in the back. The physician can prescribe surgery but it is mostly required in cases of Sciatica or Spinal Stenosis. Usually upper back pain can be successfully treated with non-surgical measures however for certain serious cases surgery might be the only option.

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