Spondylosis: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

by Administrator 24. April 2017 10:05

Spondylosis or osteoarthritis of spine denotes a medical condition which leads to the degeneration of the spine. It affects the vertebrae and the discs that lie between them. Spondylosis can be cervical (affects the neck), lumbar (affects the back) and thoracic (affects the middle back). Although spondylosis affects aged people more, it can be observed in others as well irrespective of age and gender. The process of ageing leads to wear and tear of the vertebrae and the fluid present in the intervertebral disc tends to dry up. The joint spaces shrink and the cartilage gets damaged. This may or may not be degenerative but affects the quality of life massively.

Causes

  • Ageing- natural wear and tear of cartilage leads to rubbing of vertebrae against each other and mobility is hampered
  • Degenerative disc disease
  • Compression of spinal root or spinal stenosis
  • Growth of bone spurs  (osteophytes) that impinge on the spinal canal and soft tissue structures
  • A direct fall or injury to the spine
  • Spinal osteoarthritis
  • Herniated disc
  • Narrowing of the spinal canal as the ligaments thicken and start encroaching on it
  • Slip disc
  • Overuse injuries and damage
  • Genetics 
  • Being overweight
  • Poor postural habits, smoking and lack of physical activity

Symptoms

  • Limited range of motion remains in the neck and the back
  • Pain which may be constant or activity related
  • Pain may radiate upwards into the shoulder or arms and downwards into the legs and hips
  • Stiffness
  • Crepitus- a grinding feeling in the spine
  • Nausea
  • Feeling of imbalanced body
  • Numbness or tingling sensation
  • Muscle spasms
    Spine Surgeon Allen
  • Bladder continence
  • Headaches
  • Abnormal reflexes
  • Change in gait
  • Inability to grasp objects

Diagnosis

  • Detailed physical examination to assess the range of motion by a spine surgeon
  • Details of the medical and family history are taken down
  • Cervical Compression test- pressure is applied manually on the head and the neck is flexed
  • Reflexes and body coordination is assessed
  • Electromyogram to test nerve conduction
  • MRI and CT scan
  • X-ray imaging to study changes in bone structure

Treatment

  • Mechanical traction may help to improve joint spaces and alleviates pain
  • Pain killers and anti inflammatory medicines are prescribed byt the doctor
  • Use of a neck collar for some time may be prescribed
  • Physical therapy helps ease back pain and improves spinal strength and stability
  • Maintaining good posture is necessary
  • Apply heat pads or ice packs at regular intervals
  • Corticosteroids may be injected into the affected part
  • Decompressive therapies may be suggested and may be carried out through manual adjustment of the spine
  • Prescription of muscle relaxants
  • Spine surgery may be carried out to remove bone spurs and damaged ligaments
  • Herniated discs and damaged vertebrae may be removed using surgery in some cases

Visit Dr. Burg for complete treatment of Spondylosis. To  To request an appointment with the spine surgeon, call at (972) 985 - 1072.

Tags: ,

Minimally Invasive Procedure For Back Pain

by Administrator 20. November 2013 13:37

A minimally invasive procedure involves the use of endoscopic techniques in which specialized video cameras and instruments are passed through an incision less than 2cm long in the back, using a thin-telescope like instrument, known as an endoscope, to perform the surgery. Even though the use of endoscopic procedures for diagnostic purposes dates back to 1970, their use for pain-relieving treatment is relatively new. The basic advantage offered by these procedures is that they are less traumatic than traditional surgeries, which means a quicker recovery time.

Endoscopic back surgery is widely being used to provide relief from spinal stenosis, offering a much-sought alternative to invasive open-back surgery. Spinal stenosis occurs when the spinal column is narrowed due to an intrusion of bone matter or tissue/ disc material, and the purpose of this surgery is to remove the objects causing pressure. Other conditions that can be treated through endoscopic back surgery include degenerative discs, scoliosis, herniated discs, vertebral compression fractures caused by sports injury and kyphosis. If you are considering undergoing this procedure for back pain in Allen, it is recommended to get it done from a recognized and board-certified spine surgeon with experience in performing minimally invasive surgeries.

The surgery can be performed in an outpatient environment using only local anesthesia. A small incision, just about 4-5 mm long is made the back to perform the procedure. Since damage to the surrounding tissues is minimal, most patient recover in as less as one week. Before going through the minimally invasive procedure, you must first ensure that you are a suitable candidate for the procedure. You must get yourself fully evaluated by an experienced surgeon knowledgeable in these techniques.

The major benefits offered by minimally invasive procedures include smaller scars, shorter hospital stay, speedier postoperative recovery, less blood loss during surgery, quicker return to daily activities, and reduced risk of infection. It is advisable to quit smoking and exercise regularly for a sufficient period before undergoing this surgical procedure. You should also stop taking any herbal medicines or other non-essential medications, to minimize the risk of an adverse reaction of these medications to anesthesia. Patient education is of prime importance in minimally invasive procedures. Make sure that you ask your surgeon any questions that you have before the surgery, and carefully understand all the patient information provided by the clinic.

Tags: ,