Common Lumbar Spine Injuries

by Administrator 18. September 2014 11:31

The spine of the lower back, known as lumbar spine, has to withstand a great deal of pressure during strenuous activities.  Hence, it is prone to get injured easily as a result of heavy weight lifting, a sudden jerk, playing contact sports, car accidents, falls etc.

Here is a list of the common lumbar spine Injuries:

Inter vertebral disc degeneration

Inter vertebral disc degeneration refers to a condition in which a compromised disc causes back pain. Also known as Sciatica, this injury concerns with the inter-vertebral discs which are filled with a gel like substance called the Nucleus Pulposus. As a result of an accident or age related degeneration, this fluid weakens or thins out. This results in putting abnormal pressure on the spinal nerves during heavy tasks and leads to pain and injury.

Non specific low back pain
    
This is caused when the structures of the lumbar spine are either too tight or loose. The structures here refer to the vertebra, the facet joints, inter-vertebral disc, nerves and ligaments.

Spinal Canal Stenosis

Spinal Canal Stenosis is caused as a result of degeneration of spine due to arthritis, particularly in the elderly people.  In this injury, the facet joints, the vertebra and the ligaments around the spinal nerves expand in size. Thus, it puts pressure on the spinal nerves resulting in pain and numbness in the legs.

Prevention

Lumbar spine injuries can be prevented by following an active lifestyle along with plenty of exercise. The back is a sensitive part of the body that is prone to injury and can cause pain and discomfort. Injuries to the lumbar spine can be prevented by following some important tips:

  • Warming up and cooling down before and after training
  •  Undergoing physical therapy
  • Wearing an orthopedic belt if prescribed by the spine surgeon
  • Getting appropriate therapeutic massages
  • Avoiding unnatural and unpleasant movements like jerks and lifting heavy objects without proper support

If you suffer from lower back pain, consult a spine surgeon for proper diagnosis to determine the extent of the injury. The surgeon may prescribe certain imaging tests like an X-ray and a few physical tests to diagnose the type of injury and devise a treatment plan accordingly. The spine surgeon may recommend bed rest, prescribe medication or suggest surgical treatment depending on your condition, injury and other related factors.

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Frisco Orthopedic Treatment For Herniated Disc

by Administrator 14. May 2014 11:32

Herniated disc is one of the major causes for lower back pain and leg pain in many people. Also known as a slipped disc or a ruptured disc, it can lead to painful symptoms in the lower back. Studies show that about 60 to 80 percent people experience low back pain at some point or the other in their lives. However, surgical as well as non-surgical forms of treatment are readily available to combat the same. Read on to know more about the causes, symptoms and treatment for a herniated disc.

The human back is made up of a set of bones called the vertebrae. The discs run between these bones to allow movement and act as shock absorbers during physical activities such as running. A disc is said to herniate when it moves out of place or breaks open due to sudden injury or strain. Herniated discs are a common occurrence in the lower back. At times, the vertebrae in the neck called cervical vertebrae may also get affected.

If you experience any of the following symptoms, you should consult a spine surgeon in Frisco for treatment of herniated discs.

  • The most visible symptom of a herniated disc is sharp pain in the lower back. The pain and numbness might extend to the hips, buttocks and legs. The leg feels weak and the sole of the foot also gets affected by the pain.
  • For herniated discs in the cervical vertebrae, the symptoms majorly include sharp pain while moving the neck. The person also experiences pain in the shoulders, elbows, arms and hands.
  • The intensity of pain when it starts is on the lower side. But it goes up very quickly with activities as simple as walking. At times, even sneezing can be the trigger for pain associated with herniated discs.
  • The muscles also become weak. This can be ascertained once a specialist has thoroughly examined you.

Your back pain expert will recommend a series of lifestyle changes to deal with herniated discs. Diet and exercise are very important. Moreover, it is important to have adequate rest. Painkillers and injections may be given to provide relief from intense pain. It is also advisable to cut down on your physical activities during the initial phases of the pain. Gradually, as the pain subsides, you can get back to normal routine.

For some patients, the above mentioned methods of treatment many not prove to be effective. For such cases, surgery is the only option. Diskectomy is a surgical procedure that works by removing a part or whole of the herniated disc but is only opted after close examination and in extreme cases.

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