Common Lumbar Spine Injuries

by Administrator 18. September 2014 11:31

The spine of the lower back, known as lumbar spine, has to withstand a great deal of pressure during strenuous activities.  Hence, it is prone to get injured easily as a result of heavy weight lifting, a sudden jerk, playing contact sports, car accidents, falls etc.

Here is a list of the common lumbar spine Injuries:

Inter vertebral disc degeneration

Inter vertebral disc degeneration refers to a condition in which a compromised disc causes back pain. Also known as Sciatica, this injury concerns with the inter-vertebral discs which are filled with a gel like substance called the Nucleus Pulposus. As a result of an accident or age related degeneration, this fluid weakens or thins out. This results in putting abnormal pressure on the spinal nerves during heavy tasks and leads to pain and injury.

Non specific low back pain
    
This is caused when the structures of the lumbar spine are either too tight or loose. The structures here refer to the vertebra, the facet joints, inter-vertebral disc, nerves and ligaments.

Spinal Canal Stenosis

Spinal Canal Stenosis is caused as a result of degeneration of spine due to arthritis, particularly in the elderly people.  In this injury, the facet joints, the vertebra and the ligaments around the spinal nerves expand in size. Thus, it puts pressure on the spinal nerves resulting in pain and numbness in the legs.

Prevention

Lumbar spine injuries can be prevented by following an active lifestyle along with plenty of exercise. The back is a sensitive part of the body that is prone to injury and can cause pain and discomfort. Injuries to the lumbar spine can be prevented by following some important tips:

  • Warming up and cooling down before and after training
  •  Undergoing physical therapy
  • Wearing an orthopedic belt if prescribed by the spine surgeon
  • Getting appropriate therapeutic massages
  • Avoiding unnatural and unpleasant movements like jerks and lifting heavy objects without proper support

If you suffer from lower back pain, consult a spine surgeon for proper diagnosis to determine the extent of the injury. The surgeon may prescribe certain imaging tests like an X-ray and a few physical tests to diagnose the type of injury and devise a treatment plan accordingly. The spine surgeon may recommend bed rest, prescribe medication or suggest surgical treatment depending on your condition, injury and other related factors.

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